Choosing Between Dental Crowns and Veneers

Choosing Between Dental Crowns and Veneers

Jul 01, 2020

While a crown fits over the whole tooth, a veneer will only cover the front part of your teeth. Because tooth restoration procedures can be costly, it is crucial to make the right choice. Although these procedures are entirely different, their success rates are high.

Here are some of the differences between dental crowns and dental veneers and the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.

Differences Between Crowns and Veneers

Veneers are thin porcelain layers that are one millimeter thick and attached to your tooth front. Apart from porcelain, several other materials can be used to make them. Crowns, on the other hand, are two millimeters thick ad cover the entire tooth. They can be made from porcelain-fused-to-metal, porcelain, or all-metal alloys.

Your tooth’s condition and the problem that requires fixing are determinants of the procedure you choose. Below are some conditions that require restoration:

  • Discolored teeth
  • Cracked, broken or chipped teeth
  • Weakened or decayed teeth
  • Crooked teeth

Except for metal crowns, veneers and crowns are designed to match the color of your teeth.

Veneers

As earlier stated, these layers only cover your tooth’s front surface. Compared to crowns, they are less invasive because as the tooth is prepared to receive the veneer, a large portion of it remains intact. For the veneer to be bonded, the surface of the tooth needs roughening. Your Dixon dentist will, therefore, grind down a part of your tooth’s enamel at the front of your tooth.

With some newly-developed dental veneers, you may need less grinding. An anesthetic may come in handy as the grinding process may cause you some pain. For the proper functioning of veneers, there needs to be sufficient enamel on your tooth for bonding.

The Process of Getting Veneers

  • Your dentist in Dixon, IL, digitally scans your prepared tooth or uses a mold to make an impression of it.
  • If there is no facility, the mold or image is sent to a laboratory.
  • Depending on the portion of your tooth that was trimmed, the dentist may place a temporary veneer on your tooth until a permanent one is made.
  • When the permanent veneer is finally ready, it replaces the temporary veneer. Your dentist may use a special kind of cement to bond it to your tooth. It will then be hardened using an ultraviolet lamp.
  • After it is fixed in place, the movement of your tooth will be minimized. You are, however, required to use a nightguard. It protects the veneer during grinding and clenching at night.

Pros

  • Ceramic has the same properties as those of the tooth enamel. Because of this, veneers made of porcelain have a natural, realistic appearance
  • Porcelain is ceramic, has a glass-like appearance. It has an impervious surface that is very smooth. This gives porcelain veneers their resistance to permanent stains.
  • They are very durable and can last for even 15 years.
  • They are versatile.

Cons

  • Although they are known for their tough nature, they may break or chip when you eat hard foods or when the grinding forces are excessive.
  • The procedure is permanent. Once the veneers are fixed, it cant be reversed.
  • Since the procedure involves removing part of the enamel, there is an increase in the tooth’s sensitivity to heat and cold.
  • The procedure cannot be done on people with unhealthy teeth.

Crowns

This one fits over the whole tooth. Your tooth will need more filing or grinding down in preparation for the placement. In case your tooth is decayed, the decayed part has to be removed before the crown is made. If this is the case, there is a need to build up your tooth so it can offer support to the crown.

The Process of Getting Crowns

  • The dentist makes a mold or digitally scans your tooth to produce its impression.
  • If our dentist’s office lacks a laboratory, the mold or image is sent to a laboratory so the crown may be fabricated.
  • As the laboratory technician works on the permanent crown, your dentist may fit a temporary crown over your tooth.
  • After its ready, the permanent crown replaces the temporary one. It is adjusted to ensure it correctly fits and doesn’t affect your bite. If all is okay, it is cemented into place.
  • The teeth may experience some movement. This may, in turn, negatively affect your bite. If you experience this, the crown will need adjustment.

Pros

  • Support severely decayed teeth
  • Prevent worn out teeth from further damage
  • Protect teeth after root canal treatment
  • Hold together severely broken or cracked teeth
  • Improves tooth aesthetics

Cons

  • Before fitting the crown, the tooth needs to be filed to obtain the right shape. Often, this is extensive and also irreversible.
  • As soon as the anesthesia wears off, you may experience increased tooth sensitivity. This may be painful and uncomfortable.
  • Some crowns, especially those made of porcelain, easily chip off.
  • The cement used to fix the crown into its position may be washed away. The result is a loose crown and bacteria leakage that consequently leads to tooth decay.
  • Some people are allergic to metal crowns.
  • Compared to other tooth restoration options, dental crowns are more costly.

Knowing the Right Choice

Having seen the pros and cons of each of them, how do you decide on one? Your emergency dentist in Dixon, IL, may recommend a dental crown when your tooth is severely damaged or has a root canal. If the filling in your tooth is large, you may also opt for this.

For healthy teeth, veneers may do the magic. You can also opt for them if you wish to correct the shape of your teeth. At Exceptional Dentistry, we offer a wide range of treatment options to cater to your dental needs—our dentists in 61021 look forward to your visit.

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